Larix International Conference on Material Science and Engineering


Materials Engineering Chemical & Material Sciences (General)

We are excited to present the Larix International Conference on Material Science and Engineering Scheduled on April 24-25, 2024 In Dubai, UAE. This distinguished event will bring Engineers, Scientists, Professors and Experts to discuss and deliver presentations, which includes topics such as Materials Science, Nanomaterial and Nanotechnology, Crystallography, Biomaterials, Smart Materials, Semiconductors, Engineering. Thus understanding its uses in Industries, Construction, Ceramics, Composites, Metallurgy, plasma, Semi-conductors and to stay up-to-date with advancements in Energy, Electronics, Biotechnology and Nanotech in order to improve production efficiency, minimize environmental impacts, and ensure the welfare of the society.


Session 1: Materials Science and Engineering


Materials science and engineering seeks to understand the fundamental physical origins of material behavior in order to optimize properties of existing materials through structure modification and processing, design and invent new and better materials, and understand why some materials unexpectedly fail.



Session 2: Nanomaterial and Nanotechnology


Nanotechnology is the atomic, molecular and supramolecular-scale handling of matter. The fascinating thing about nanotechnology is that as the size scale of their dimensions exceeds nanometers the properties of several materials change. Materials scientists and engineers are working to understand those improvements in properties and use them at nanoscale stage in the production and manufacturing of materials. 



Session 3: Metallurgical and Materials Engineering


Metallurgical and Materials Engineering educates students about the verticals of different metals' physical and chemical properties. This research mainly deals with all sorts of metal related areas. The course covers Hydrometallurgy, Mechanical Metallurgy, Steel Heat Treatment, Welding Metallurgy, etc. Using metallurgy, the metals are isolated from their ore. It also concerns the chemical, physical, and atomic properties and structures of metals and the principles by which alloy-forming metals are mixed. The metallurgical sciences are divided into chemical metallurgy and physical metallurgy.



Session 4: Ceramic Materials


A ceramic is a material that is neither metallic nor organic. It may be crystalline, glassy or both crystalline and glassy. Ceramics are typically hard and chemically non-reactive and can be formed or densified with heat.  Ceramics are more than pottery and dishes: clay, bricks, tiles, glass, and cement are probably the best-known examples. Ceramic materials are used in electronics because, depending on their composition, they may be semiconducting, superconducting, ferroelectric, or an insulator. 



Session 5: Crystallography


Crystallography is a branch of science that deals with discerning the arrangement and bonding of atoms with the geometric structure of crystal lattices in crystalline solids. In chemistry and mineralogy, the optical properties of crystals have traditionally been of interest for material identification. Modern crystallography is essentially based on a study of X-ray diffraction by crystals serving as optical gratings. Chemists are able to determine the internal structures and bonding patterns of minerals and molecules, including the structures of large complex molecules, such as proteins and DNA, using X-ray crystallography.



Session 6: Computational Materials Science


Computational materials science and engineering uses modeling, simulation, theory, and informatics to understand materials. The main goals include discovering new materials, determining material behavior and mechanisms, explaining experiments, and exploring materials theories.



Session 7: Biomaterials and Medical Devices


Biomaterials are materials used to build medical devices or implants/prostheses, meant to restore or replace lost or impaired body functions. They are derived from natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic (also called hybrid) materials. Biomaterials play an integral role in medicine today—restoring function and facilitating healing for people after injury or disease. Biomaterials may be natural or synthetic and are used in medical applications to support, enhance, or replace damaged tissue or a biological function.



Session 8: Biocatalysts


The chemical process by which enzymes or other biological catalysts perform reactions between organic components is known as biocatalysts. Biocatalysts is widely used in the pharmaceutical industry to produce small molecule drugs. In biocatalytic processes, natural catalysts such as enzymes perform chemical transformations on organic compounds. Chemoenzymatic synthesis is the use of natural or modified enzymes to perform organic synthesis; the enzyme's reactions are classified as chemoenzymatic reactions.



Session 9: Smart Materials and Applications


Smart materials are materials with one or more properties that can be dramatically altered by external factors such as electric or magnetic fields, heat, moisture, light, temperature, pH, or chemical compounds in a controlled technique. Smart materials are also called sensitive or reactive materials. The Smart materials applications include sensors and actuators, or artificial muscles, particularly as electro active polymers.



Session 10: Polymer Science and Technology


Polymer science or macromolecular science is a subfield of polymer-related materials science, mainly synthetic polymers, such as plastics and elastomers. The polymer science field includes researchers from many disciplines including chemistry, physics, and engineering. Polymer manufacturing used in the areas of electronics and electrical products, textiles, aerospace, automotive, etc. Polymer Technology's recent advances have advanced the field of material science, through the use of polymer-based substances from electrical engineering, electronics, and construction materials to packaging materials, fancy decoration products, automotive, etc.



Session 11: Functional materials


Functional materials can be any type of specially designed material with a determined function: semiconductors, polymers, molecular crystals or nanoparticles are good examples of them. It is their special physico-chemical properties which make functional materials so special. Functional materials are widely used in various fields because of their excellent properties, such as magnetism, catalysis, electrical and optical properties, high specific surface area, and good mechanical properties.



Session 12: Composite Materials


A composite material is a combination of two materials with different physical and chemical properties. When they are combined they create a material which is specialized to do a certain job, for instance to become stronger, lighter or resistant to electricity. There are different forms of composites, one is polymer composites reinforced by fibres, and the other is composites reinforced by particles. Fibre-reinforced polymer composites also known as composites for the polymer matrix. 



Session 13: Energy Materials


Energetic materials are a class of material with high amount of stored chemical energy that can be released. Typical classes of energetic materials are e.g. explosives, pyrotechnic compositions, propellants (e.g. smokeless gunpowder’s and rocket fuels), and fuels (e.g. diesel fuel and gasoline).



Session 14: Semiconductors


Semiconductors are materials which have a conductivity between conductors (generally metals) and nonconductors or insulators (such as most ceramics). Semiconductors can be pure elements, such as silicon or germanium, or compounds such as gallium arsenide or cadmium selenide. A semiconductor is called a semiconductor because it is a type of material that has an electrical resistance which is between the resistance typical of metals and the resistance typical of insulators, so it kind of, or "semi"-conducts electricity.



Session 15: Materials Physics


Materials physics is the use of physics to explain the materials' physical properties. It is a combination of physical sciences such as chemistry, solid mechanics, physics of the solid state, and science of matter. The physics of materials is considered a subset of condensed matter physics and applies fundamental concepts of condensed matter to complex multiphase media, including technical materials of interest. Present fields in which physicists of materials work include optical, electrical, magnetic materials, novel materials and structures, material quantum phenomena, nonequilibrium physics, and physics of soft condensed matter.



Session 16: Materials Chemistry


Materials chemistry is the understanding, synthesis, processing, and exploitation of compounds or substances in their assembled form. Materials chemistry is the synthesis, processing, characterization, understanding, and exploitation of compounds that have useful or potentially useful properties and applications. Materials Chemistry is important in providing the conceptual basis for the design, development and understanding of new types of matter, letting it be organic, inorganic or hybrid.



Session 17: Surface Science and Engineering


Surface science is the study of physical and chemical phenomena that occur at the interface of two phases, including solid–liquid interfaces, solid–gas interfaces, solid–vacuum interfaces, and liquid–gas interfaces. It includes the fields of surface chemistry and surface physics. Surface science and engineering, including tribology, but with a particular focus on friction, wear, coating and surface modification processes such as surface treatment, coating, machining, polishing and grinding. The science involves concepts like self-assembled monolayers, heterogeneous catalysis, and fabrication of semi-conductor structures, fuel cells, and adhesives.



Session 18: Perovskites


A perovskite is a material with the same crystal structure as the mineral calcium titanium oxide, which was the first perovskite crystal discovered. Perovskite compounds have the chemical formula ABX3, where ‘A' and ‘B' are cations and X is an anion that bonds to both. Perovskite structures can be formed by combining a wide range of elements. Using this compositional flexibility, scientists can design perovskite crystals to have a wide variety of physical, optical, and electrical characteristics.



Session 20: Metamaterials


Metamaterials are composite media that can be engineered to exhibit unique electromagnetic properties. Made up from subwavelength building blocks (most often based on metals), these metamaterials allow for extreme control over optical fields, enabling effects such as negative refraction to be realized.



Session 21: Biosensor and Bio-electronic Materials


Biosensors are defined as analytical devices incorporating a biological material (e.g. tissue, microorganisms, organelles, cell receptors, enzymes, antibodies, nucleic acids, etc.), a biologically derived material, or a biomimetic intimately associated with or integrated within a physicochemical transducer or transducing microsystem, which may be optical, electrochemical, thermometric, piezoelectric, magnetic or micromechanical (Turner et al., 1987; Turner, 1989). Biosensors & Bioelectronics is the principal international journal devoted to research, design, development and application of biosensors and bioelectronics. It is an interdisciplinary journal serving professionals with an interest in the exploitation of biological materials and designs in novel diagnostic and electronic devices including sensors, DNA chips, electronic noses, lab-on-a-chip and μ-TAS. Biosensors usually yield a digital electronic signal which is proportional to the concentration of a specific analyte or group of analytes.



Session 22: Optoelectronic Materials


Optoelectronics is the research, design, and production of a hardware device that transforms electrical energy into light and light into energy using semiconductors. It is the connection between optics and electronics. Optoelectronic devices are special types of semiconductor devices that are able to convert light energy to electrical energy or electrical energy to light energy. Solid crystalline minerals, which are heavier than insulators but lighter than metals, are used to make this device. An optoelectronic device is an electrical gadget that uses light. Numerous optoelectronics applications, including those in the military, telecommunications, automatic access control systems, and medical equipment, use this technology.



Session 23: Materials Characterization, Theory and Modelling


Materials characterisation is the progression of the physical, chemical, mechanical and microstructural properties of materials being measured and determined. It describes the compositional and structural characteristics including material defects which are considerable for a particular preparation, properties study.

The theory of materials is a research area that focuses on the simulation, prediction, and design of materials. Using simulator-based methods based on theoretical solid-state physics and mechanics of materials, we can solve material behaviour and predict material properties, develop model systems for materials in their complex application or industrialized context, and reduce them to the crucial factors.



Session 24: Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology


Advanced materials described to refer to all materials representing advancements over conventional materials used thousands of years ago. Smart materials, semiconductors, biomaterials, and nanoengineered materials include advanced materials. Advanced Materials Research focuses on the study of novel building materials used in IT, effective mechanical engineering, space engineering, medicine, and other areas. Nanodevices have a huge impact in increasing pollution control, improving human health and longevity, producing food and converting energy. These are crucial enablers that will allow humanity to harness the ultimate technological capabilities of mechanical, magnetic, electronic, and biological systems.



Session 25: Green Technologies